Cerca de 300 mil turistas todo ano nos meses de julho e agosto. Claro que nem todos sobem a montanha imbuídos com esse espírito místico. Para alguns, a subida resume-se a uma cansativa caminhada, que é recompensada pela vista do topo. Mas, para a maioria, a escalada tem um toque sagrado, relacionado com o trajeto do fogo. Uma das atrações aos pés da montanha, o Himatsuri, ou Festival do Fogo, é realizado todo ano no final de agosto. Tochas de até três metros de altura, que queimam nas ruas da cidade de Fujiyoshida, atuam como elemento purificador, simbolizando as lavas vulcânicas. Antes dos festejos, os visitantes podem fazer a escalada, passando por 10 estações de apoio. A superação das barreiras físicas e do cansaço faz da subida uma verdadeira peregrinação. Como toda rota espiritual, a caminhada é uma oportunidade para o viajantes refletirem sobre a própria vida.
O Fuji deixou sua marca também fora do Japão. O videogame Atari tem como logotipo três faixas que representam o monte japonês. Seu criador, o norteamericano Nolan Bushnell, era fã do Japão e jogador de Go (uma espécie de xadrez japonês do qual atari é o nome de uma jogada de ataque). Diversas empresas japonesas também fazem referência ao monte, tais como o Fuji Bank e a Fujifilm. Esta última se estabeleceu inicialmente ao pé da montanha em 1934 na cidade de Ashigara.
Perto do cume, a passagem por um portal xintoísta delimita a entrada na reta final, ou para os mais místicos, em um espaço sagrado próximo dos céus. Ao chegar lá em cima, preferencialmente de madrugada, o peregrino tem um tempo para fazer uma última meditação. E, finalmente, a renovação vital, ou, quem sabe, até uma experiência mística pode chegar junto com os primeiros raios do alvorecer. O espetáculo é único.
|Atama o kumo no ue ni dashi, |
Shiho no yama o mioroshite,
Kaminari-sama o shita ni kiku,
Fuji wa Nippon-ichi no yama. Aozora takaku sobie-tachi,
Karada ni yuki no kimono kite,
Kasumi no suso o toku hiku,
Fuji wa Nippon-ichi no yama.
|Tem uma cabeça acima das nuvens|
Olha para as montanhas ao redor
Ouve um trovão abaixo
Fuji, a montanha mais alta do Japão Está alto no céu azul
Vestindo um quimono de neve
e uma bainha prolongada de névoa
Fuji, a montanha mais alta do Japão
In every culture the population intends to transmit values for generations. If a person should plant a tree, a Muslim going to Mecca - the sacred place of pilgrimage, a Catholic should go to the Jerusalem ... every Japanese has a mission to the most: climbing Mount Fuji. The highest point in Japan is a sacred symbol in addition to being one of the most climbed mountain in the world, surely one of the most photographed landscapes and doubtless very foreign energy circulating on its slopes.
The slopes of Mount Fuji has routes that provide a spiritual experience compared to most popular pilgrimage routes in the world, next to places like the road to Santiago de Compostela (Spain) or Mount Athos (Greece).
It's called Fuji-san (富士山) in Japanese and the origin of the name Fuji is controversial. Some say it derives from the language of the indigenous Ainu tribe, which literally means "eternal life." Scholars, however, say the name comes from the Yamato language and refers to "Fuchi", the Buddhist goddess of fire.
The highest mountain in Japan and 35th in the world is 3776 meters high. Its crater is 820 meters deep and has a diameter of 1600 metros.O surface lot is surrounded by National Park Fuji-Hakone-Izu, a territory that reaches four provinces: Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Kanagawa and Tokyo. Within its boundaries are the Fuji Five Lakes, formed by lava from volcanic eruptions. These give name to the region that has, for example, the Fujikyu Highland, an amusement park famous for giving visitors a view from a lot of the biggest roller coasters in the world. There are also restaurants, hotels and ski resorts.
The brand image
Fuji also made his mark outside Japan The game has the Atari logo three tracks that represent the Hill Japanese. Its creator, Nolan Bushnell North American, Japan was a fan and player of Go (a kind of Japanese chess atari which is the name of an attack roll). Several Japanese companies also refer to the mountain, such as Fujifilm and Fuji Bank. The latter was initially established at the foot of the mountain in 1934 in the city of Ashigara.
Imagine thousands of years our ancestors, without knowledge of how to produce fire by viewing the lava down the volcano enconstas. This image quickly would have a rationale, volcanoes are divine places, bringing light and warmth even during the coldest nights. Mount Fuji as well as several others on the globe is a volcano, or rather its final formation is composed of three volcanoes, melted at about 100 thousand years.
About 300,000 tourists every year in July and August. Of course not all climb the mountain mystic imbued with this spirit. For some, the rise it boils down to a grueling walk, which is rewarded by the view from the top. But for the most part, the climb has a touch sacred, related to the path of fire. One of the attractions at the foot of the mountain, Himatsuri or Fire Festival is held every year in late August. Lamps of up to three meters high, burning in the streets of the city of Fujiyoshida act as purifying element, symbolizing the volcanic lava. Before the festivities, visitors can make the climb, passing through 10 stations support. Overcoming barriers and physical fatigue of the ascent is a true pilgrimage. Like any spiritual path, the walk is an opportunity for travelers to reflect on their own lives.
You can reach up to the fifth stage of the ascent by train or by road, just walking up that point, which can last from three to six hours depending on the disposal of the climber and one of four ways to choose (Kawaguchiko, Fujinomiya, Gotemba or Subashiri). There are also those who make the climb across the foot, eliminating the train, which increases the journey in five hours on average. At the beginning of the climb, is selling a wooden staff, by passing through a station, there is a charge of burning the cane with a stamp heated coals, in another reference to fire. The pilgrims, the overcoming of each stage represents the maturity of the obstacles of life, past and present. To avoid sleeping in hostels and to escape the heat, it is recommended to follow the path up the evening as one of the main goals is to see the sunrise from on top, goraiko.
Near the summit, crossing a Shinto gateway marks the entry into the home stretch, or for the more mystical, in a sacred space around the heavens. When you get up there, preferably at dawn, the pilgrim is a time to make a final meditation. And finally, the vital renewal, or maybe even a mystical experience can get along with the first rays of dawn. The show is unique.
With the increase of visitors, the Fuji process faces serious environmental deterioration. The intense movement also led to growth of local commerce, responsible for the drawbacks of modernity, such as increased trash and all kinds of waste. Currently, hundreds of volunteers from various professions come together to pick up trash along the way. The Japanese government adopted several measures that have improved the conditions of preservation in recent years, but the situation is still critical. In an application for recognition of Mount Fuji as a World Natural Heritage site in early 2007, UNESCO has denied the title. This is the second time the international body does not include the Japanese symbol in the list of world heritage. The first time in 1995, the justification was that the site was having problems of preservation. Stay alert for visitors and authorities take action to maintain the integrity of Fujisan.
A Shinto gate (torii), which marks the boundary between a sacred and profane, welcomes visitors can reach the top of the hill. He is there to define the territory of the temple dedicated to the Konohana Sakuya, considered the Cherry Blossom Princess and goddess of Mount Fuji. Legend has it that she was as beautiful as a flower, attracting the attention of Ninigi up, the god in charge of creating Japan But she realized that her beauty would last just as well as sakura, and, unhappily, she went to the top of Fuji to ascend to heaven. Therefore, it also symbolizes the impermanence of life.
Festival of Fire
Fujiyoshida is one of the towns surrounding Mount Fuji and where ever occurs Himatsuri, or Festival of Fire, on the 26th and August 27th. By nightfall the first day, flares about three feet tall are lit on the main street as a kind of replica of Mount Fuji is loaded by the villagers. The interior of the houses, decorated, lit the fire, which are places where it is purified with fresh soil and salt. The festival also officially closes the season for climbing to the top of Fuji.
Like all mystical place, Mount Fuji has its handful of superstitions. He that receives the sun rays of dawn at the top of Mount Fuji will be lucky, even if the first day of the year. Climb in the new year, however, is an adventure for a few climbers, because the summit is covered with snow in December, however the less adventurous who dream of Fuji in the evening the turn is also considered as having good luck. You only need to be careful not to climb the mountain an even number of times during their lifetime.
There is a saying that says "Mount Fuji looks beautiful from a distance, but up close is a heap of stones." The view that has its summit is wonderful, but the mountain itself, that part, just gravel. Therefore, the most charming people is the scenario that it helps to write with their symmetrical shape and its snowy peak. The various angles of observation of the mountain inspired the production of 36 views of Fuji, a masterpiece ukiyo-e Hokusai Katsushita launched in 1832.
The volcano or Volcanoes?
The Fuji we know today is the result of the superposition of three volcanoes. There are about 100,000 years, at the foot of Mount Komitake, volcanic activity began to give rise to a larger cluster, the Ko-Fuji. This, in turn, began to release large quantities of lava 11,000 years ago, shaping the current format of the hill, known as Shin-Fuji. The last eruption of Mount Fuji occurred December 16, 1707 a January 1, 1708.
The amount of water that falls on Mount Fuji every year, as rain or snow, reaches 2.5 billion tons. A large proportion is absorbed by the soil each day, covering the body of the hill and flowing into the foot. Thus water sources come famous throughout Japan for its taste and purity. The Japanese Ministry of Environment considers the waters of the falls Shiraito at the foot of the hill, one of the purest of Japan Fuji is also a major source of potable groundwater in the archipelago.
Climbing out of season is a task for a few more adventurous who want to deal with the snow covering the top from September to June. The variation in temperature between the upper and base reaches 22 ° C, and the average temperature there is above -6.4 ° C. Therefore, the mountain is only open to the general public in the months of July and August in summer Japanese 30% are foreigners.
In 1910, the composer and calligrapher Iwaya Sazanami, created the song "Fuji-San" in honor of Mount Fuji. The song is sung by children today.